What is the first sign of leukemia – Symptoms of Leukemia

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What is the first sign of leukemia

What is the first sign of leukemia:-Unlike a normal cell, abnormal cells can grow in the body and can disturb the functions of normal cells as well. Moreover, these abnormal cells cause cancer in the body which can spread all over the body. Undoubtedly, there are many types of cancer. Leukemia is a type of cancer that originates in blood-forming tissues. Moreover, this is characterized by the uncontrolled growth of blood cells. Like, white blood cells in the bone marrow. like others, the leukemia cells may replace the normal cells.

The people of any age can get leukemia, most commonly at the age of 60 years. In addition, leukemia is more common in men and boys than girls and women. in addition, it also occurs more commonly in white men than black.

Risk factors for Leukemia

The exact cause of Leukemia may not be known. While several factors may increase the risk of disease. These factors are as follow

Gender

Commonly, leukemia occurs in men than women. Also, leukemia is more harmful to men.

Age

The risk of this disorder increases with age. Like, chronic myeloid leukemia occurs at the age of 65 and acute lymphocytic leukemia occurs at the age of 20.

Blood disorders

like others, certain people with blood disorders have more risks of leukemia than normal people. Moreover, this disorder is more harmful.

Family history

Mostly, people having leukemia have no familial links. If the persons have an identical twin who had AML, they may be at increased risk to develop this disorder.

Congenital Syndromes

Some syndromes such as Down syndrome seem to raise the risk of Leukemia.

Smocking

Smocking may not develop Leukemia directly, but cigarettes may increase the risk of leukemia.

Also, some other factors which increase the risk of Leukemia areas

  • Exposure to radiations
  • Excessive use of chemicals
  • Electromagnetic fields
  • Previous cancer therapy

Symptoms of Leukemia

Symptoms of leukemia vary depending on the type of this disease. Some common symptoms are as follow

  • Night Sweats
  • Fever and severe chills
  • Fatigue with weakness
  • Loss of appetite
  • Bone and joint pain
  • Headache
  • Abdominal discomfort

Because of some conditions, the following may occur as a sign of disease

  • Anemia
  • Leukopenia
  • Thrombocytopenia
  • Swell lymph nodes
  • Enlarged liver and spleen

Diagnosis of leukemia

This disease has many different types. Firstly, Diagnosis is the first step in the treatment of leukemia. Finally, some diagnostic tests which are used for diagnosis are as follow

Biopsy

The biopsy is used to determine the growth rate and type of tumor. Besides this, some common procedures for this disease are as follows:

  • To get a bone marrow sample, bone marrow biopsy is used.
  • Also, the lymph node biopsy may use to get a sample from lymph nodes.

Flow Cytometry

This technique may use to determine the compositions of genetic makeup. Moreover, it may provide information about whether the tumor is composed of normal DNA or abnormal DNA.

Imaging tests

These diagnostic procedures help to examine the detailed images of tumors. also, this provides information about the extent of disease. Like other disorders, the following imaging tests are helpful to Diagnose Leukemia

  • x-ray
  • MRI
  • Ultrasound
  • Pulmonary function test
  • CT scan
  • PET
  • Lab tests

These tests help to determine the number of red blood cells and white blood cells. Moreover, lumbar puncture is also used.

Treatment of Leukemia

Common treatment options which may use to treat the leukemia are as follow;

Stem cell transplantation

This procedure used to collect stem cells from bone marrow as well as circulating blood. Moreover, the stem cells collected from the patient.

Radiation therapy

In this procedure, a beam of radiations used to destroy the leukemia cells to relieve discomfort. Moreover, these radiations may use on the surface of the body.

Chemotherapy

This procedure may consist of several anti-cancerous chemicals or drugs together to kill the cancer cells. Also, chemotherapy may kill both normal as well as abnormal cells.

Targeted therapy

In the targeted therapy, drugs may use in the combination of other drugs. Moreover, the therapy drugs attack directly on the cancer cells, helping to reduce damage.

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