Understanding The Most Common Urology Tests
Understanding The Most Common Urology Tests:- A visit to one of the best urology centers certainly means that you need to get a urology test. Most urology exams are simple and less evasive than a general physical test. From infection to issues with prostate, patients have suggested the following most common urology tests:
The Physical Exam
A urologist will speak to the patient about a urinary tract infection or erectile dysfunction. Some questions will be asked to analyze the symptoms, medications, current health, and medical history. The questions generally lead to a physical examination of the bladder, kidneys, and ureters. An assessment of testis or penis may also be done.
A digital rectal exam (DRE) is another type of physical exam used for assessing the prostate gland manually. A lubricated gloved finger is inserted into the rectum by the urologist to be able to feel the size of the prostate, evaluate its firmness, and identify the presence of any abnormal nodules. The test will help determine the presence of prostate cancer.
Urologists usually trust a number of blood tests to determine the overall health of the urinary system or to identify the exact causes of infertility or male erectile dysfunction. The most common of these tests include:
- a) Prostate-Specific Antigen (PSA) Tests – These tests can help in detecting prostate cancer or inflammation of the prostate (non-cancerous). PSA is actually a type of protein released from the prostate gland. The level of this protein can increase due to inflammation.
- b) Creatinine and Blood Urea Nitrogen (BUN) Tests – The tests are helpful in assessing the function of the kidney. If creatinine is found in higher levels in the blood, it indicates improper functioning of kidneys. The test is generally used for diagnosing conditions that modify the blood flow to the kidneys. This can happen in case of congestive heart failure or dehydration.
- c) Testosterone Tests – These tests are very important for analyzing testosterone levels in the blood when assessing male erectile dysfunction. To assess infertility, the urologist may use a series of other blood tests.
- Urine Tests
A urologist may suggest urine tests to diagnose the cause of your symptoms. A urinalysis requires the patient to urinate into a sterile cup. This test helps in detecting blood cells, bacteria, and other substances. The presence of white blood cells, bacteria, nitrites, and leukesterase indicate urinary tract infection. A high glucose level is an indication of diabetes. The presence of high protein levels, red blood cells, and bilirubin is an indication of kidney disease.
The urologist may use urine cultures to assess the presence of any bacteria in a urine sample. Sensitivity tests are performed on the culture growth. This helps in determining the antibiotics that can kill the bacteria to clear up the infection.
- X-rays, Ultrasound, and Other Imaging Techniques
These are conducted when a problem is not visible readily. Ultrasound is widely used in the best urology center. It helps in detecting issues related to testicles, bladder, prostate gland, and kidneys. Varied types of X-rays may be ordered to diagnose urinary tract conditions such as:
– Voiding cystourethrogram X-ray (VCUG)
– Kidney, ureter, and bladder (KUB) X-ray
– Intravenous pyelogram X-ray (IVP)
– Computerized Tomography (CT Scan) may be required for diagnosing certain urologic conditions such as tumors, cysts, stones, etc.
- Semen Analysis
Also known as a sinogram, a semen analysis is done in case of male infertility. This is an initial step towards the assessment. The patient is supposed to provide a sample of semen to the office of a urologist. This sample is sent to a lab for evaluation of the presence of sperm, and the quality and motility of the sperm.