Breast Cancer – Signs, Symptoms, Causes, Types, Treatment & More
Breast Cancer is a kind of tumor (many cancer cells altogether) that arises from breast cells. Usually, breast cancer develops in women but it has a probability of affecting men too, even though it happens rarely. Researches prove that Breast Cancer is one of the most widespread cancers among women. Even though there are some risk factors for Breast Cancer identified by the scientists across the globe, the exact reason for it is still unknown.
Types of Breast Cancer
There are many types of breast cancers which altogether are basically divided in two categories:-
Common types of Breast Cancer
- Invasive ductal carcinoma: – Invasive ductal carcinoma is a type of cancer which first develops in the milk ducts of the breast and further expands until reaching other parts of the nearby tissue. It is one common form of breast cancer. Most cases of breast cancer are Invasive ductal carcinoma.
- Ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS):- It is the most popular kind of non-invasive breast cancer. As this cancer is an early stage of Breast Cancer, it has the major probability of being cured.
- Inflammatory breast cancer: – This breast cancer converts the breast skin into red and feels warm making it seem like an infection. These changes occur due to the obstruction of lymph vessels by the cancer cells.
- Triple-negative breast cancers: – This is one subtype of invasive breast cancer with cells that have low estrogen levels and progesterone receptor on their surface. It tends to develop more in African-American and young women.
- Lobular carcinoma in situ: – Even though it is not cancer and just an area of abnormal cell growth in the breast, this might add up to the chances of developing invasive breast cancer in later stages of life.
Uncommon types of Breast Cancer
- Phyllodes tumor
- Papillary carcinoma
- Tubular carcinoma
Risk Factors of Breast Cancer
- As one’s age increases, so do the chances of developing Breast Cancer.
- Family History of Breast Cancer
- Women who get their menarche( beginning of menstrual cycle) before the age of 12 and women who continue having their menstrual periods even after the age of 55 tend to have slightly more risk of developing breast cancer.
- Having the first child after the age of 30 or having no children at all also increases the risk of developing breast cancer.
- Breastfeeding for a year or more might slightly decrease the chances of having breast cancer.
- Continuous intake of oral contraceptives might also increase the risk of developing breast cancer.
Symptoms of Breast Cancer
Whereas breast cancer can moreover be symptom-free, some usually observed symptoms are –
- Inverted nipple
- Lump(s) in the armpit or breast.
- Nipple discharge, usual blood
- Pain in the breast or sore nipple
- Swollen lymph nodes in the armpit or neck
- Change in size or color of nipple or breast
Diagnosis of Breast Cancer
Breast Cancer can be diagnosed by some of the measures given below –
- Self-examining the breast
- A physical exam by a specialist
Treatment of Breast Cancer
- Mastectomy – The surgery in which the whole breast is removed.
- Lumpectomy- The surgery in which only the tissue affected by the cancer is removed. It is also called Breast-Conserving Surgery.
- Radiation therapy – In this high-energy wave is used to kill the cancer cells.
- Chemotherapy – In this drugs are injected directly into veins to kill the cancer cells. As these medicines are very powerful, they have some side effects as well such as nausea, hair loss, early menopause, hot flashes, etc.
If you have been diagnosed with Breast Cancer, you should go to the best cancer specialist hospital in India by which an experienced Breast Cancer Doctor would be able to provide you an adequate treatment for it.